Q & A

Q&A - Why does home baked bread dry out quicker than shop bought?

Hi Jack, quick question...

why does home baked bread tend to dried out a lot quicker than store bought bread?   Thank you in advance!

Because it’s not packed with artificial additives and preservatives!

There are a few things you can do to make bread that keeps moist for a little longer. Adding oil or butter will help, as will a combination of a little more water and a LONG resting time.

the wetter the dough and the longer you stretch out the bread making process, the more moisture the flour will take on, and so your finished bread will retain its moisture for longer resulting in a longer shelf life.

This video might help: 2 Ways to Make Bread That Lasts longer

Q&A - Does the type of yeast make a difference to the flavour of the bread?

Does the type of yeast I use, fresh or dry, make the final bread taste any different?

YES. I believe so! I always use fresh yeast when possible, although I do have a few dry sachets in the cupboard for when I am in a proper pinch.

Fresh yeast has real character and it may sound silly, but I feel like the resulting bread tastes more bready! There is a much more satisfying and moreish flavour to a loaf made with fresh than one made with dry. Whenever I am in that pinch and have to use dry yeast, my bread always tastes like it is lacking a little something, like it's not as great as it could be!

I am yet to be tested in a blind taster but I feel like I could tell the difference easily.

Q&A - Which flour should I dust my table with?

Hi Jack, thank you for your videos. My question is about the flour you use for your bread making. I am using Allinson strong white bread flour and when you are dusting the table to shape, your flour appears more dusty for want of a better description.

Which flour should I dust my table with?

When I am shaping the dough, I'll just dust with whatever I am using at the time, normally white. I use the least as I can possibly get away with, and try to flick it across the table to cover as much surface as possible with a very fine amount.

When it comes to the finish of your bread you can use whatever you like. Experiment with different types, I often dust with wholemeal flour when I am making a rustic looking bread because it adds to the effect, where as semolina will leave you with a crunchy coating.

Q&A - Is it ok to add flour if I'm struggling with a wet dough?

Is it OK to add flour when I first mix the dough to get it to the right moisture level and consistency?

I feel like I should add a bit more flour so the dough is not quite as wet, so I can give it the tension it needs when I shape it, or do I need to get the moisture right from the start?

No and yes... Adding flour to get the "right" consistency is not really the point. The point is to get the hydration just how you want it in the first place, because by adding flour you are changing the recipe and therefore changing the hydration rate which makes the recipe redundant.

A wetter dough will bring different characteristics to the bread. There is no point making a wet dough to get a specific texture of bread, and then adding flour to make the consistency manageable, because then it's not a wet dough anymore and you lose the characteristics.

I never add additional flour, and only dust where necessary during the shaping stage.

If you are struggling with a wet dough here's what I would do... First do some bread maths to work out the hydration of your recipe. (This video will help)

Then, instead of adding flour, remove some of the moisture from the recipe to make it the manageable dough that you are comfortable handling. Yes, it will still change the recipe but in a much more controllable way. Write down what you did, how you found handling the dough, and how the bread was in the end.

Next time around, crank up the hydration a touch. Get the feel of the wetter dough and see how you feel about it. Keep upping the moisture each time you make one. Then after enough practice you'll be able to handle a wet dough like a pro, or at least you’ll discover the level you are comfortable with.

Here’s a tip: If your dough turns out too wet to shape up, cut your losses and make the best focaccia you’ve ever eaten!

Q&A - What do you include in your Hydration Rate Percentage?


Let’s talk baker’s percentages.

In making breads with other liquid ingredients such as melted butter, honey or molasses.

Should you consider these ingredients as part of your hydration rate?

Mike from Texas

Hey Mike,

It's up to you really. Theoretically yes. Because you would do with eggs, milk, oil etc and it's hard to draw the line. But the most important thing is that you decide whether you do or not, and then remain consistent as you are working out your recipes.

To throw a spanner in the works, all these things are absorbed differently by the flour in any case, so in theory they should ALL be treated as separate things.

Let’s go to the extreme to hopefully explain it better - a loaf with a 65% hydration rate made up entirely of water will be a much different consistency to the same loaf where the moisture is made up entirely of molasses (I know you wouldn't do it for real but you get the idea.)

Baker's percentages work well, but there is a point where you need to take it with a pinch of salt. (not literally)

Decide how you’ll work out your recipes and remain consistent. I would be inclined to work it out without the molasses, butter etc. Then, I’d expect there to be a slight change in the consistency when adding those things and, depending on the quantity added, adjust the water if I think I need to.

Hope that helps!